Isabel is a Romance-language feminine given name. It originates as the medieval Occitan form of Elisabeth (ultimately Hebrew Elisheba), Arising in the 12th century, it became popular in England in the 13th century following the marriage of Isabella of Angoulême to the king of England. The modern French form is Isabelle, the Italian form is Isabella.
This set of names is a southwestern European variant of the Hebrew name Elisheba, also represented in English and other western languages as Elisabeth. It first appeared in medieval Provençal as Elisabel. Guido Gómez de Silva states that these names are derived from the Latin and Greek renderings of the Hebrew name based on both etymological and contextual evidence (the use of Isabel as a translation of the name of the mother of John the Baptist).
The variant form originated through the loss of the first syllable and the replacement of final /t/ with /l/ (as /t/ does not appear word-finally in standard Spanish). Both forms of the name exist concurrently in Italian (Isabella and Elisabetta) and French (Isabelle and Élisabeth). Both names have been borrowed into multiple other languages, giving rise to various local forms.
- Hebrew via Greek and Latin.
- Related names
- Elisheba (Hebrew), "Elisabel" (Medieval Latin), "Isabell" and "Isabel'" (Spanish), Izabel (Portuguese), Isabella (Italian), Isabelle (French, Dutch, German), Izabela, Isobel, Ishbel (Scots), Iseabail (Scottish Gaelic), Ysabeau, Elizabeth (English).