Adam

Adam (Hebrew: אָדָם, Modern: Ê¼Adam, Tiberian: Ê¼Ä€á¸Äm; Arabic: آدَم‎, translit. Ê¾Ä€dam; Greek: Αδάμ, translit. Adám; Latin: Adam) is the name used in the opening chapters of the Book of Genesis and in the Quran for the first man created by God, but it is also used in a collective sense as "mankind" and individually as "a human". Biblical Adam (man, mankind) is created from adamah (earth), and Genesis 1–8 makes considerable play of the bond between them, for Adam is estranged from the earth through his disobedience.

The majority view among scholars is that the book of Genesis dates from the Persian period (the 5th and 4th centuries BCE), but the absence from the rest of the Hebrew Bible of all the other characters and incidents mentioned in chapters 1–11 of Genesis, (Adam appears only in chapters 1–5, with the exception of a mention at the beginning of the Books of Chronicles where, as in Genesis, he heads the list of Israel's ancestors) has led a sizable minority to the conclusion that Genesis 1–11 was composed much later, possibly in the 3rd century BCE.

The Patriarch

Born
Created on 6th day, Garden of Eden
 
Died
c. 930 years AM
 
Venerated in
Catholic Church
 
Feast
Dec. 24
 
Patronage
Gardeners and tailors